“Washington Post Criticizes Texas’ School Accountability System”

By Donna Garner

A stack of books on top of each other.

I believe the article in today’s Washington Post (owned by Jeff Bezos, an outspoken advocate of leftist ideology) is meant to destroy Texas’ reputation because we are supposedly a “conservative” state. The Wash. Post intensely dislikes Texas and its conservative leaders.

Also, those who berate the STAAR tests are always out to get Texas Education Commissioner Mike Morath. The funny part is that, unknowingly, this WP article actually destroys the arguments from the gripers who say, “Texas school ratings are totally based on those unfair STAAR tests.”

As it turns out, our Texas school accountability system is based upon the INCREASE in student achievement and is definitely not based solely on a student’s STAAR test results.

The Texas accountability system takes into account many factors. If there is a school district with high numbers of economically disadvantaged and/or emergent bilingual or English learners, that ISD is not relegated to having a hopelessly low accountability score. All public schools in Texas are put into groups with schools of similar demographics, and the schools within each group are then compared with one another. That system was set up to be fair. Therefore, high-wealth districts such as Eanes and Allen ISD’s are not compared with low-income schools in such places as Beaumont ISD or El Paso ISD.

The system is also set up to honor students’ percentage of achievement over time rather than what their flat STAAR test scores are. This gives students (and school districts) authentic hope; they can improve their school accountability ratings through hard work that culminates in higher percentage of academic improvement.

The question then becomes, “How can a school district in Texas show improvement?” Marlin ISD along with schools all over Texas has guided its students to take challenging courses (college prep) instead of taking low-level courses which do not cause students to rise to the occasion.

What Marlin ISD did was to get more students to take college prep courses which, in turn, will hopefully give those students a chance to go to college and/or to attain higher-paying career/technology jobs. Those college prep courses should also help students to receive a broader and deeper educational background upon which to make life decisions.

The Texas Legislature has incentivized schools to get a larger percentage of students into readiness for college, career, or the military. Under state law the more students who successfully complete a course approved by a college as college-ready, the higher that public school district’s academic ratings will be.

Here are some hypothetical questions for The Washington Post and the U. of Texas at Arlington to answer:

“What do you propose Texas’ school accountability system should look like? Are you saying that only students’ academic achievement on the STAAR tests should count toward the school district’s ratings?”

“Are you proposing that Texas not have any public school ratings at all?” I wonder what parents would say to this idea when they are trying to select the best school for their children to attend.

“Are you proposing that all schools should be lumped together (impoverished school districts with high-economic school districts)? Do you think that differences in economic situations have no impact whatsoever on student achievement?”

“Do you not want the Texas Education Agency to consider demographics at all in school accountability ratings?”

“Should the percentage of academic improvement not be a factor in the ratings?”

I believe that the purpose of this Washington Post article is basically to criticize Texas’ educational system, the Texas Education Agency, and Texas in general.

I see nothing in this Washington Post article that offers any helpful suggestions whatsoever – only criticism of Texas’ well-thought-out accountability system.

What the Wash. Post should be supporting is students throughout America receiving a Type #1/Classical/Traditional/Fact-Based/academic education rather than Obama’s Type #2 Common Core/subjective/social justice/Critical Race Theory/LGBTQ indoctrination. Where are the articles on this?


10.30.22 – Washington Post

“A ‘Texas miracle’ brought us No Child Left Behind. Here’s a new one.
by Valerie Strauss


By Daniel H. Robinson and Emily Cole

Excerpts from this article:

…Marlin Independent School District hosted an “Achievement Parade and Block Party” on Sept. 1, 2022, to celebrate receiving its best academic achievement grade by the Texas Education Agency (TEA) in 10 years. Miraculously, the school district’s TEA score jumped from 56 (F) in 2019 to 86 (B) in 2022 (no ratings were issued in 2020 and 2021 because of the pandemic). It’s the first time in 10 years the school district did not receive an F, Improvement Required, or Academically Unacceptable rating.

The city of Marlin celebrated the hard work done by students, staff, and teachers over the past three years. “The kids are proud of who they are,” said Marlin City Manager Cedric Davis Sr. “The superintendent and his staff put that pride back into them. They know they can excel in the classroom.” Darryl J. Henson, superintendent of the district, said, “Marlin ISD is the place to be, literally be, if you want what’s best for your child. Our last score was a 56. So, to rise all the way to an 86, a 30-point increase, that is to the testament of our teachers and students and community.”

The fact that the TEA score for Marlin ISD increased is not a big surprise. According to TEA, most schools improved from 2019. In fact, 74 percent of the schools and districts in Texas received either A or B grades. More surprising is that over 1,000 campuses went from a B, C, D, or F in 2019 to an A in 2022. How did grades assigned to schools increase considerably in Texas over the pandemic when scores from the ACT exam and the National Assessment of Educational Progress decreased?

Is the Marlin ISD “approach” the next “Texas miracle?” In 2014, the district lost its accreditation status. The state of Texas intervened and installed a monitor, then later a board of managers and conservator, to oversee efforts to improve the district. Henson was hired in 2020 to help save the district.

But has unsatisfactory performance been replaced by satisfactory performance? The overall score of 86 is based on scores in three domains: student achievement, school progress, and closing the gaps. Of the first two, only one domain is counted toward the overall TEA score, whichever one is higher, and counts for 70 percent of the score. Let’s take a closer look at each domain.

In 2021-2022, the Marlin school district received scores of 80 in student achievement, 92 in school progress, and 73 in closing the gaps. Thus, the 92 is weighted 70 percent and the 73 is weighted 30 percent, yielding a score of 86. For comparison, in 2019, the district scored 57 on student achievement, 60 on school progress, and 47 on closing the gaps. In a three-year span, the school progress score increased 32 points and the closing the gaps score increased 26 points. What happened to increase scores so much?

The school progress score is the higher score between academic growth and relative performance. Are you confused yet? Academic growth is determined by the change in student scores from the previous year to the current year. A half point is awarded if the student did not meet growth expectations but maintained performance, whereas a full point is awarded if a student meets the Expected or Accelerated STAAR progress measure expectation. For those students whose performance decreased, they do not contribute points in the calculation of academic growth (perhaps they should be negative). STAAR is the acronym for the series of standardized tests formally known as the State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness.

According to the TEA website example, if you have 100 students who took the STAAR reading and math test (200 total test scores), imagine that 17 maintained performance and 134 had expected or accelerated growth. Yes, that is only 151 scores; the other 49 students’ scores decreased. You multiply 17 x 0.5 plus (134 x 1) and get 142.5, divided by 200 is 71. For the third step, you convert this “raw” score to a number out of 100 that’s easier to understand. The example’s “easier” score to understand is an 81 out of 100. Of course, the 71 is also out of 100 as it is a percentage.

Relative performance is based on the number of students who are economically disadvantaged (qualifying for free or reduced lunch). Next, you calculate the STAAR (for elementary and middle schools) or STAAR and College, Career, and Military Readiness (CCMR) results averaged (for high schools, K-12, and districts). Finally, you plot these two scores (percent poverty and STAAR or STAAR+CCMR averages) on a graph. The graph shows how other districts with a similar poverty level perform on the tests. If a particular district scores higher on the tests than predicted based on its poverty score, it receives a high relative performance score.

So, did student performance increase dramatically? Certainly not on the STAAR tests. In 2022, the Marlin Independent School District had a scaled score of 56, which is an F. In 2019, it scored 50, which is also an F. Let’s repeat that just in case someone is under the impression that student achievement dramatically increased for the Marlin district. It went from an F to an F. Imagine if a student’s average grade in third grade was an F and the average grade in fourth grade was an F. Would you schedule an achievement celebration?

That is clearly not enough of an improvement in STAAR scores to move a district from an F grade to a B in the School Progress category. But STAAR scores make up only 40 percent of the Student Achievement grade for high schools. The CCMR score is also weighted 40 percent and the graduation rate is weighted 20 percent. In 2022, Marlin ISD had a scaled score of 98 on the CCMR. In 2019, the CCMR scaled score was 65. That is quite an increase. What is going on with the CCMR scores? Remember, only high school students receive a CCMR score. Elementary and middle school students only receive a STAAR score.

For a student to be designated as CCMR or college, career, or military ready, only 1 of 10 criteria needs to be met. Looking closely at the CCMR for the Marlin district in 2022, it appears that a main driver was 49 students earning credit for taking a college prep course.

Suffice it to say that the increase in the overall School Progress score for the Marlin district was mostly caused by the unusually high CCMR score (for only the high school students) and not an increase in STAAR scores.

As previously mentioned, the overall School Progress score is the higher of either the Academic Growth score or Relative Performance score. For the Marlin district, Academic Growth was 76 and Relative Performance was 92. How was Relative Performance so high? Remember that the high Student Achievement score was mainly due to a dramatic increase in CCMR score. The STAAR and CCMR results averaged is then compared to other schools with similar poverty levels. Marlin reported a 99.2 percent poverty rate, so they were compared to the very poorest districts. Due to its sky-high CCMR score, the Marlin district was higher than most other similar schools in other districts.

But what about the Closing the Gaps score? To calculate the Closing the Gaps score, you assign all students to groups based on race/ethnicity, special education status, and whether they are continuously enrolled, emergent bilingual or English learners, or economically disadvantaged. The state has performance targets for each group in four different categories: academic achievement (math and reading), graduation rate, English language proficiency, and school quality. School quality, by the way, is a “readiness for college, workforce, or the military”). This sounds a lot like the CCMR. You then determine how many students in each group met the targets divided by the total number of targets.

In 2022, Marlin ISD received a Closing the Gaps score of 39, which was “scaled” to a 73. This included a raw score of 3.3 for graduation rate and 0.0 for English language proficiency. Most of the score of 39 came from the School Quality raw score of 30, which means that 100 percent of the student groups met this target. Again, the enormous increase in CCMR scores surfaces as the reason for such a huge increase in the Closing the Gaps score.

Taken together, the huge increase in the TEA score for Marlin ISD was not the result of higher student achievement on the STAAR test. Like the rest of the country, Texas students regressed on tests of achievement. Instead, the dramatic 30-point TEA score increase for Marlin ISD was mostly caused by much higher School Progress and Closing the Gap scores. Each was heavily influenced by the CCMR score which increased most dramatically from 2019 to 2022.

What is more of a head scratcher is that only the high school students receive CCMR scores. How can the high school so heavily influence a district’s TEA score? It is because TEA basically treats districts like a giant high school, where CCMR + graduation rate counts more than the STAAR. Encouraging more students to take college prep courses might be an easy way to game the system.

Mike Morath, TEA commissioner, was quoted as saying, “These results show our state’s significant investment in the post-pandemic academic recovery of Texas public school students is bearing fruit.” But are the “results” really indicative of success? At minimum, such unbelievable gains at other schools and districts deserve a more thorough investigation.

Is Marlin ISD now “off the hook” in terms of worrying about low-performing students? Not really. The Texas Education Agency knows what these school and district ratings really mean, which is why they created HB4545 in 2021 which requires students who failed a STAAR test to receive 30 hours of supplemental accelerated instruction (tutoring).

So, Marlin Elementary School, which has an overall TEA score of 83, but also earned a "not rated" for school achievement, has a lot of work to do. Its students failed 76 reading tests, 84 math tests, and 39 science tests. That is 199 failed tests at a rate of 30 hours per test for a total of 5,970 hours of required tutoring.
The state statute requires that students not be removed from recess or from the foundation curriculum or enrichment curriculum as defined in TEC, §28.002, the state’s education code. For elementary schools this would require a complete restructuring of the school day to accommodate additional tutoring, or extending the school day which is one suggestion from TEA for schools to meet the requirements of HB4545. So now Marlin Elementary School, like hundreds of other Texas schools, must find a way to provide thousands of hours of additional tutoring. Fulfilling this requirement seems like another impossible task for schools, teachers and students.

…The Marlin Independent School District certainly has the first two percentages in terms of poverty and ethnic minority. But its academic performance is still low (an F). Gaming the TEA score by having several high school students take a college prep course does not solve the problem. Rather than celebrating, we should be (1) investigating how many other high-poverty Texas districts have similarly been awarded A and B grades by TEA and (2) looking for solutions.



“Texas’s A-F accountability system includes multiple indicators to measure the performance of districts and campuses, including: STAAR assessments, graduation rates, and measures of college, career, and military readiness like dual credit classes and SAT scores. The A-F system is structured so that ratings are based both on percentages of students achieving a certain level on these indicators, and on the percentage of students who gained a great deal academically even if they didn’t achieve at a high level. In this way, ratings reflect both overall student achievement and the impact of highly effective educators.

“Marlin ISD saw notable jumps in the percentage of students who gained a year academically, up to 68 percent of students in 2022 vs. 56 percent in 2019. While nearly the entire student population of Marlin ISD is economically disadvantaged, 91 percent of its most recent graduating class demonstrated readiness for college, career, or the military. One measure of college readiness required under state law is that students successfully complete a course approved by a college that indicates that students are ready for college-level work, which fully half of Marlin’s graduating seniors successfully did.”